Spelt B-O-C-C-I-A but pronounced 'Botcha'. The aim of the game is to propel a set of coloured balls and position them closer to a white 'marker' ball than those of your opponent. This white ball is called the 'jack', hence the game is similar in context to Bowls, Petanque or even French Boules.
It's thought the game originated in Greece with competitors tossing large stones at a stone target. Boccia has now developed into a game played by many from a purely recreational level up to the intensely competitive Paralympics.
The game can be played individually (1v1 using 6 balls each), in pairs (2v2 using 3 balls each) or as a team activity (3v3 using 2 balls each). It's a non-contact, target driven sport, which relies on skill and subtlety, rather than size, strength or speed. The game MUST be played from a seated position.
Players can play a competitive game within minutes without the need for specialised knowledge, skill or equipment. The balls have to be propelled by each competitor which may include throwing, rolling or even kicking a ball into the playing area.
If players are unable to throw or kick the ball, they can use an 'assistive device'. Such devices are commonly known as 'ramps' or 'chutes'. For those unable to release a ball down a chute with their hand, there is also provision for them to use a 'head pointer' which enables them to release a ball by using a movement of their head. If required, assistants can also be used however they must remain passive apart from moving the chute through the horizontal plane between each shot. No specialised 'kit' is required but it is advisable to have comfortable, loose fitting clothing.